Child Spacing

Resources230px_29.jpgA Child deserves to be born into a loving family. Giving women access to family planning allows them to plan the right time to have a child, when they can love it with all their heart.

Yet surveys show that approximately one out of three pregnancies are unwanted. Over 300 million couples wish to limit their family size, but do not have access to family planning.

Family planning increases the chances of survival of both mother and child. A planned family is the best environment for the child's overall development, making it possible for them to develop to their full potential and to grow into healthy, productive adults. Spacing of children allows both mother and child to remain healthy during these critical years.

According to the World Bank, family planning is the best way to improve maternal and child health, at a cost of only $1 to $2 per person per year.

At right thirty-four year old Maria at her home in the Serato region of Brazil with 6 of her 7 surviving children. Eleven other children died of tetanus, dehydration and gastrointestinal illnesses. Poverty is endemic in Latin America.

Shortfalls in international Family Planning funding are estimated to result in as many as 220 million unintended pregnancies annually, 104 million unintended births annually, and 82 million additional preventable abortions.

World Fertility Rates 1973 to 1997

 

Population
(Millions)

Total 
Fertility Rate

Contraceptive
Prevalence %

Country

1973

1997

1973

1997

1973

1997

Mexico

57

96

6.5

3.0

13

65

Morocco

17

30

6.8

3.3

6

50

Turkey

39

64

5.0

2.5

38

63

Bangladesh

72

123

7.0

3.5

7

45

Indonesia

131

206

5.2

2.5

25

55

Kenya

13

28

8.0

4.4

6

33

Brazil

103

163

5.0

2.3

47

77

Philippines

42

74

5.5

3.6

9

40

Egypt

35

65

6.8

3.5

26

48

Pakistan

71

135

7.3

5.2

5

18

The Population Institute, Washington DC USA - Serving 159 countries

Family Planning Works

Good News

Family Planning has reduced the average family size in direct proportion to Contraceptive Prevalence

Bad News

Population Momentum
Worldwide: 3.5 billion young people will enter fertile period over next 25 years. Only 1.8 billion will leave that phase of life

Examples

In Mexico, of 108 million people today, 50% are under 25 years of age - (13 million population in 1903). In India, 50% of population in 2015 will be under 20 years of age. Africa's will double in the next 25 years.

"The decrease in world fertility does not signal an end to the population explosion, but rather serves as a validation that family planning works.

"Wernor Fornos, Past President, The Population Institute

Rotarian Action Group for Population & Development
344 West Pike Street
Lawrenceville, Georgia
30046 

Phone: 770-407-5633
Fax: 770-822-9492
E-mail: Mwillis@rifpd.org 

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